Home Chemistry Thermodynamics


Concepts of system, types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions.
First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ΔU and ΔH, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution.
Introduction of entropy as a state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium.
Third law of thermodynamics –Brief introduction.

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