science-10th-class-cbse-notes

Hydrocarbons

  • The compounds which are majorly made of hydrogen and carbon atoms. Hydrocarbons are further classified as

Saturated compounds

  • Saturated compounds are hydrocarbons in which hydrogen and carbon have single bonds. They are also known as Alkanes.

Unsaturated compounds

  • hydrocarbons in which hydrogen and carbon have double or triple bonds. hydrocarbons with double covalent bonds are alkenes and those with triple covalent bonds are alkynes.

Formulas & structure of saturated compounds of carbon & Hydrogen

Formulas & structure of saturated compounds of carbon & Hydrogen

 

On the basis of structures the hydrocarbons can be:

Straight Chain Hydrocarbon
Straight Chain Hydrocarbon
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Branched Hydrocarbon
Branched Hydrocarbon
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon

Structural isomers

  • These are the compounds having identical molecular formula but different structures. For example, isomers of butane.

Structural isomersStructural isomers

 

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