Home Physics Thermal Properties of Matter

Thermal Properties of Matter

Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv - calorimetry; change of state - latent heat capacity. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein's displacement Law, Stefan's law, Green house effect.

Stefan’s Law & Wien’s displacement law

Stefan’s Law & Wien’s displacement law

Stefan’s Law This law states that the total heat energy emitted by a perfect black body per second per unit area is directly proportional to...
Black Body Radiation

Black Body Radiation

A black body is one which neither reflects nor transmits but absorbs the whole of the heat radiation incident on it. The absorptive power...
Newton’s Law of Cooling

Newton’s Law of Cooling

According to Newton’s Law of Cooling, the rate of cooling of a body is directly proportional to the difference in temperatures of the body...
Heat transfer

Heat transfer

Heat is energy transfer from one system to another or from one part of a system to another part, arising due to temperature difference. There...
Latent Heat

Latent Heat

The heat required during a change of state depends upon the heat of transformation and the mass of the substance undergoing a change of...
Calorimetry

Calorimetry

Calorimetry means the measurement of heat. When a body at higher temperature is brought into contact with another body at a lower temperature, the...
Specific Heat Capacity

Specific Heat Capacity

The specific heat of a substance may be defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of unit mass of the...
Anomalous expansion of water

Anomalous expansion of water

It contracts on heating between 0 °C and 4 °C. The volume of a given amount of water decreases as it is cooled from...
Thermal Expansion

Thermal Expansion

Almost all solids, liquids and gases expand on heating. The increase in the size of a body when it is heated is called thermal...
Ideal-Gas Equation and Absolute Temperature

Ideal-Gas Equation & Absolute Temperature

Ideal-Gas Equation The ideal gas equation connecting pressure (P), volume (V) and absolute temperature (T) is PV = μ R T since PV = constant and...