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Thermodynamics

Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics), heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes, Heat engine and refrigerator.

Second Law of Thermodynamics

Second Law of Thermodynamics

Second Law of Thermodynamics: First law of thermodynamics states the equivalence of heat and energy. It does not state anything about the limitation in...
Heat Engine ,Refrigerators and Heat Pumps

Heat Engine, Refrigerators and Heat Pumps

Heat Engine and efficiency A heat engine is a device by which a system is made to undergo a cyclic process that results in the...
Adiabatic Process, Isochoric process & Isobaric Process

Adiabatic Process, Isochoric process & Isobaric Process

Adiabatic Process: Process in which no heat enters or leaves a system is called an adiabatic process For every adiabatic process Q=0 Prevention of...
Thermodynamic Process

Thermodynamic Process

A thermodynamic process is said to be taking place if the thermodynamic variable of the system change with time. Types of thermodynamic Process:- Isothermal process...
First law of thermodynamics

First law of thermodynamics

First law of thermodynamics: The internal energy U of a system can change through two modes of energy transfer: heat and work. Let ΔQ =...
Heat, Internal Energy and Work

Heat, Internal Energy and Work

Heat and work: Heat Work Heat is a mode of energy transfer due to the temperature difference between the system and the surrounding. Work is the mode of energy...
Thermodynamics, Thermal Equilibrium & Zeroth law of Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics, Thermal Equilibrium & Zeroth law of Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics is the branch of physics that deals with the concepts of heat and temperature and the inter-conversion of heat and other forms of...