It is an instrument used to measure the electric current in a circuit. It is always connected in series in a circuit. It has low resistance(practically). Ideally ammeter’s resistance must be zero
Electric Circuit for Ammeter
It is a closed path along which the electric current flows.
- The electrons can only flow when there is the difference of electric potential.
- For example “water flowing through a tube”. It is only possible when there is high pressure at one side and low at another side, then it will move from high pressure to low pressure.
- In case of electric current, the flow of charge is made possible due to chemical action within a cell that generates the potential difference across the terminals of the cell.
Electric potential Difference
It is defined as the work done in carrying a unit charge from one point to another in an electric circuit.
SI unit of potential difference is Volts. Denoted by “V”. It is named after Alessandro Volta.
When 1 Joule of work is done in carrying one coulomb (1C)of charge from one point to another of a current carrying conductor then the potential difference is said to be IV.
A voltmeter is an instrument, used to measure the potential difference and represented by the symbol V in an electric circuit. It is always connected in parallel across the points between which the potential difference is to be measured. It has high resistance.
Circuit Diagram for Voltmeter
A circuit diagram (electrical diagram, elementary diagram, electronic schematic) is a graphical representation of an electric circuit.