Flow of Liquid

Streamline Flow

The flow of liquid in which each of its particle follows the same path as followed by the proceeding particles, is called streamline flow.

Laminar Flow

The steady flow of liquid over a horizontal surface in the form of layers of different velocities is called laminar flow.

Turbulent Flow

The flow of liquid with a velocity greater than its critical velocity is disordered and called turbulent flow.

Critical Velocity

The critical velocity is that velocity of liquid flow, below which its fl is streamlined and above which it becomes turbulent.

Critical velocity,


K = Reynolds’s number,

η = coefficient of viscosity of liquid

r = radius of capillary tube and

ρ = density of the liquid.

Reynolds’s Number

Reynolds’s number is a pure number and it is equal to the ratio of inertial force per unit area to the viscous force per unit area for flowing fluid.

Where p = density of the liquid and vc = critical velocity. For pure water flowing in a cylindrical pipe, K is about 1000.

When 0< K< 2000, the flow of liquid is streamlined.

When 2000 < K < 3000, the flow of liquid is variable between streamlined and turbulent.

When K > 3000, the flow of liquid is turbulent.

It has no unit and dimension.

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