chemistry 12th class cbse notes

The common names of alkyl halides are derived by naming the alkyl group followed by the halide. Alkyl halides are named as halo-substituted hydrocarbons in the IUPAC system of nomenclature. Haloarenes are the common as well as IUPAC names of aryl halides. For dihalogen derivatives, the prefixes o-, m-, p- are used in common system but in IUPAC system, the numerals 1,2; 1,3 and 1,4are used.

Nomenclature of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

Nomenclature of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

 

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