Solid State

Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties.

Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators and n & p type semiconductors.

chemistry 12th class cbse notes

Characteristics of a Unit Cell

A unit cell is characterized by 6 parameters: 3-edges a, b and c (refer the diagram given above). The edges may...
chemistry 12th class cbse notes

Crystal Lattices and Unit Cells

Crystal Lattices: A crystalline solid consist of a large number of small units, called crystals, each of which possesses a definite geometric shape bounded by...
chemistry 12th class cbse notes

Classification of Crystalline Solid

Classification of Crystalline Solid Molecular solids: Those solids which consist of small molecules are called molecular solids. 1. Non - polar molecular solids: The...
chemistry 12th class cbse notes

Classification of Solids

Solids are classified on the basis of the arrangement of their constituent particles. Crystalline solids: In a single crystal, the regularity of arrangement of the pattern...
chemistry 12th class cbse notes

States of Matter

Three states of matter are solid, liquid and gas. Amongst them, liquid and gases are called fluids because of their ability to flow. But...