Enthalpy Changes During Phase Transformation

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11th Chemistry NCERT notes

Enthalpy of fusion:

Enthalpy of fusion is the heat energy or change in enthalpy when one mole of a solid at its melting point is converted into liquid state.

For example: Enthalpy of fusion of ice at 273 K is 6.0 kJ mol-1

Enthalpy of fusion

Enthalpy of vaporization:

It is defined as the heat energy or change in enthalpy when one mole of a liquid at its boiling point changes to gaseous state.

For example:

Enthalpy of vaporization

Enthalpy of Sublimation:

Enthalpy of sublimation is defined as the change in heat energy or change in enthalpy when one mole of solid directly changes into gaseous state at a temperature below its melting point.

For example:

Enthalpy of Sublimation

Standard Enthalpy of Formation

Enthalpy of formation is defined as the change in enthalpy in the formation of 1 mole of a substance from its constituting elements under standard conditions of temperature at 298K and 1 atm pressure.

Standard Enthalpy of Formation

Enthalpy of combustion:

It is defined as the heat energy or change in enthalpy that accompanies the combustion of 1 mole of a substance more than air or oxygen.

Enthalpy of combustion

The negative sign of enthalpy change indicated that this is an exothermic reaction.

 

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